Book courtesy of Richard Blacher. Pictures and description courtesy of Paul Jackson
by Liberty Hyde Bailey Jr., 1908
This book measures 8" x 6" and has
21 pages. This vanity press edition is not listed in McKenna under books or
ephemera. The author was a very famous Botanist and Professor at Cornell
University. The Cornell Countryman was a publication printed at Cornell
Link to http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/bailey/index.html above:
|Liberty Hyde Bailey: A Man for
Born on a farm in Michigan in 1858, Liberty Hyde Bailey graduated from the Michigan Agricultural College with a degree in botany. After working with the renowned botanist Asa Gray at Harvard, he returned to Michigan to teach horticulture and landscape gardening. In 1888, he came to Cornell to build a new curriculum in practical and experimental horticulture. With state funding, he also began a program at Cornell to teach nature study in rural schools. Through extension bulletins, lectures, demonstrations, and farm visits, Bailey built support for his programs among New York State farmers and in the State Legislature.
In 1904, the Legislature passed a bill establishing the New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell, and Liberty Hyde Bailey became its first dean. In that role, he established new departments to complement existing fields of study, and appointed Cornell’s first women professors. In 1908, Theodore Roosevelt appointed him to chair a presidential Country Life Commission.
Bailey retired from Cornell in 1913, but continued his scientific, practical, and philosophical pursuits, and made his home in Ithaca for the rest of his life. He wrote and edited numerous books, from textbooks to essays and poems. He traveled extensively on botanical collecting trips, and continued his studies of palms, blackberries, grapes, cabbages, pumpkins and squashes. During his lifetime, he received innumerable awards and honors. Liberty Hyde Bailey died in 1954 at the age of ninety-six. The Liberty Hyde Bailey birth site, 903 Bailey Avenue, in South Haven, Michigan, is now both a National and State Historic Site.
Governor Charles Evans Hughes and Director Bailey on the steps of the Agricultural Main Building (Roberts Hall), May 27 1907
In 1887, Liberty Hyde Bailey was invited to give a series of lectures at Cornell University. The U. S. Congress had recently passed the Hatch Act, authorizing an annual appropriation of $15,000 to each state for agricultural experimentation. Cornell decided to use the funds to establish a chair of practical and experimental horticulture, and offered the position to Bailey. In 1888, he moved to Ithaca to build the new program. Under his direction, “practical and experimental horticulture” came to include floriculture, pomology, vegetable crops, and landscape gardening.
Bailey always saw agriculture as an academic discipline. To him, the fundamental purpose of education was to serve the people, and he believed that the resolution of agricultural problems was as important as cultural, ethical, and legal issues. Through the extension movement and its bulletins, lectures, demonstrations, and farm visits, Bailey built support for his programs among New York State farmers and in the State Legislature. In 1894, New York fruit growers pushed through the legislature a bill directing the state of New York to provide the Cornell University Experiment Station with $8,000 to conduct research on orchards in western New York. Thus, the principle of state aid to the University’s agricultural program was established. By 1897 the appropriation had reached $25,000.
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